Bench workstations are a typical open space arrangement with long desks arranged one next to the other.
The pros of this typology are its spacial efficiency: it may accommodate many employees in one area compactly. It's also adequate for co-working spaces with people coming and going or hot-desking. Nevertheless, open workstations call for quiet areas to hold meetings and provide a private space.
Some companies have a clear organizational structure in which teams are a core unit. In these cases, a team pod arrangement of open space provides each team with a communal desk where they may work individually yet maintain high communication and synergy throughout the day.
In this layout, it is recommended to add buffers between teams to provide a higher level of intimacy than a classic open space arrangement.
Tho it is less common nowadays, a cubicle farm has its advantages. Its fragmented nature allows for a high level of privacy and is an excellent fit for work requiring a high concentration level or involving many calls.
Having that said, it is essential also to provide communal areas where employees can interact and acquire the vital feeling of being part of a team.